A lot of principles of the life of Yogis such as nutrition, practices, clothing and outlook and many others were formed under the influence of environment, time and ideology. Yogis had always been ascetic and lived very simple life. Life that was not overburdened by something that can create attachments and force to spend too much time on it. This outlook cannot be a reason for a cult of food and its diversity.
There are straight directions in Texts how Yogis should eat:
«1.60. Moderate diet — it is milk and sweet products dedicated to Shiva, while leaving a quarter of the stomach empty.
1.61. Yogis cannot eat spicy, sour, salty and hot; nuts and leaves of betel, rice oil and sesame, mustard, vine, fish and meat of animals, cheese, butter, small peas, fruit of Chaasa and garlic.
1.62. Food that is chilled, heated, staled, over salted Yogis has to avoid as unhealthy food.
1.64. Yogi can use safely the following products: wheat, rice, barley, milk, ghee from buffalo milk, sweets, honey, dry ginger, cucumbers, vegetables and good water. This is beneficial for those who practice Yoga.
1.65. Yogi should eat reinforcing food—sweet, prepared with ghee or milk – this type of food increases the mood, improves body conditions by matching its wishes.»
Hatha Yoga Pradipika As you can see, the Texts don’t have descriptions of diets, calories and recipes. The main principle is moderation and simplicity. However, it should be understood that the Texts were written for a special category of people who lived a very specific life, and their aim was practice only. In other words, not everything what we can read in texts could be suitable for people that have just started their practice of Yoga. From the times that the Texts were written, food and water have gone through major alterations. All this should be taken to consideration. Also the Texts are mentioning that Yogis shouldn’t eat meat. Why? First of all because eating meat is breaking the rule of Ahimsa, the principal of no violence. Even if a Yogi himself did not kill an animal, he still participates in this action indirectly by buying meat for his lunch. Second reason is that the meat and fish has Tamasic nature. After consuming this type of a food one becomes lazy and sluggish. The consciousness will lose the sharpness of perception, and the body will become sedentary. What is not less important, when the animal is killed, the fear of death of a living being in a form of subtle energy will remain in its flesh and blood, and once a man eat this meat this energy goes into his body and into his consciousness as well, leaving unnecessary Sanskara in his subtle body. But to understand this point of view is advisable only through experience. Those ideas shouldn’t be used when one is not ready for them, thus instead of getting any valuable experience and proper understanding, one is lead to an internal conflict instead.
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